Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile



Significant Events

1895 Pau Casals
After a disappointing visit to the Brussels conservatoire, he went to Paris. As Count Morphy withdrew his pension in disagreement, Casals joined the orchestra of the Folies-Marigny music-hall
1899 Pau Casals
Signed a contract with the Orchestre Lamoureux, with which he would perform both in groups and as a soloist. His reputation soon grew and his performances received extensive press coverage. He settled in Neuilly, where he frequently received artists and intellectuals
1900 Pablo Picasso
First exhibition in Barcelona. First of several trips to Paris.
1904 Pablo Picasso
Settles in Paris, where he befriends Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob, Gertrude and Leo Stein, among others.
1904 Pau Casals
Formed the trio Casals-Cortot-Thibaud, one of the most prestigious and active chamber groups for the following three decades
1905 María de la O Lejárraga
Obtains a grant to study Psychology in Paris. Gregorio, ill with TB, is advised that the climate there will suit him better.
1905–1908 Américo Castro
Studies in La Sorbonne University, specialising in French, literature and philosophy.
1909–1911 Enrique Díez Canedo
Lives in Paris. Works as secretary to the ambassador of Ecuador and writes articles for Nouvelle Revue Francaise and Mercure de France.
1912 Pedro Salinas
Receives a grant from the Junta de Ampliación de Estudios to study History of Art in Paris for a few months.
1912 Martínez Torner, Eduardo
Enrols in the Schola Cantorum, under d'Indy, and in the École des Hautes Études Sociales, under Julien Tiersot. Periodically travels to Asturias to work on folklore under the guidance of d'Indy and Tiersot. The Schola Cantorum closed in 1914 following the outbreak of the war.
1912–1925 Josep Ferrater Mora
Spends the first years of his life in the town of Amer.
1917–1936 José Ramón Arana
After his father's death, he is forced to give up his studies. Begins to work at a publishing company. Afterwards, he moves to Barcelona, where he works in a factory amongst other places.
1920 Roberto Gerhard
Considered studying composition with Charles Koechlin
Jan 1922 Emilio Prados
Short stay in Paris after recovering from his illness. Meets Picasso.
1922–1925 Josep Ferrater Mora
Studies at Santa Maria del Collel School.
1923 Mercè Rodoreda
Starts publishing articles for newspapers such as La Veu de Catalunya, La Publicitat and Mirador.
1924 Max Aub
Travels to France. Meets Joan Miró.
1925–1929 Josep Ferrater Mora
Works as a bank clerk and does other casual work to finance his secondary studies.
1926 José Ramón Arana
Jose Ramon Arana marries Mercedes Gracia Argensó.
1926–1931 José Ramón Arana
Lives in Barcelona, where he works in a factory.
1927 José Ramón Arana
Joins the anarchist trade union CNT.
1928 Mercè Rodoreda
Marries her uncle Joan Gurguí.
Jan 1929–Oct 1930 Juan Chabás
Lives in Barcelona, where he writes articles for the Diario de Barcelona and La Gaceta Literaria.
1929–1938 Robert Gerhard
1931 Manuel Altolaguirre
Stays for a few months in Paris, where he becomes close friend with Salvador Dalí, Jules Supervielle, Pablo Picasso and Jorge Guillén. Publishes Cuadernos de Poesía.
1932 Pablo Picasso
Exhibitions at the Galeries Georges Petit, Paris, and the Kunsthaus, Zürich, which establish him as a well-known artist.
1932–1936 Josep Ferrater Mora
Studies Philosophy at the University of Barcelona.
1933 Gustavo Pittaluga
Signs a contract with editor Alphonse Leduc
1934 Manuel Andújar
Joins the Socialist Party.
1934 Gustavo Pittaluga
Appointed to the directive of the Société Triton for contemporary music. Other members included Milhaud, Honneger, Poulenc, Prokofieff, and Markevitch.
Dec 1934 Manuel Andújar
He obtains a post as a state officer in the Ministerio de Hacienda, and is sent to Barcelona.
1936–1939 Josep Ferrater Mora
Joins the Republican Army during the war.
Jul 1936 Manuel Andújar
Works for the newspaper UHP, for which he writes a daily column.
19 Jul 1936–Sep 1936 Luis Cernuda
Travels to Paris after Franco's uprising as secretary to the ambassador Álvaro de Albornoz.
22 Nov 1936–Jul 1937 Max Aub
Appointed cultural attaché to the Spanish Embassy in Paris.
1937 Mercè Rodoreda
Divorces her husband.
1937–1938 Josep Ferrater Mora
Takes up an administrative post in Barcelona for the Republican army. Works as a guide for foreign guests.
Nov 1937–Feb 1938 Arturo Barea
Due to his problems with certain members of the Communist Party, Barea leaves Madrid. Stays in Valencia and Barcelona.
1938 Rafael Dieste
Joins the Republican Army.
1938 Concha Méndez
Returns to Barcelona to meet her husband who had been fighting inthe Civil War.
1938–1939 León Felipe
Leaves Spain for Paris. He will remain in voluntary exile for the rest of his life.
Feb 1938 Agustí Bartra
Joins the Republican Army in Aragon
22 Feb 1938 Arturo Barea
Leaves Spain.
1939 María José de Chopitea
Crosses the border accompanied by the staff of Luis Octavio Madero, Mexican consul in Barcelona, to whom she is engaged. Spends a few months in Paris and Geneva before embarking for Mexico.
1939 Salvador Bacarisse
Bacarisse settles with his wife in Paris
1939–1940 María Teresa León
Exiled in Paris, where she and Alberti work as translators and radio presenters.
Mar 1939 Josep Ferrater Mora
Aug 1939 Pedro Salinas
Travels to Europe for the last time in his life.
1940 Carlos Blanco
Some long passage of text Goes to high school
1940 Mercè Rodoreda
Works for the Ramon Llull Foundation, directed by Antoni Maria Sbert, which publishes books in Catalan.
Jun 1944 Pablo Picasso
Picasso brings together all those present at the first performance of Le désir attrapé par la queue. This gathering was photographed by Hungarian photographer Brassaï.
1945 Salvador Bacarisse
The Collège d'Espagne devotes a concert to the works of Bacarisse
Oct 1945 Salvador Bacarisse
Appointed to the Spanish section of the Radiodiffusion Télévision Française (RTF). Bacarisse held this post up to his death
14 Dec 1945 France proposes an agreement on Spain.
1946 Jesús Izcaray
Takes part in the foundation of the book collection Ebro, which publishes Spanish novels.
1946–1947 Alfonso Rodríguez Castelao
Minister without portfolio for the republican government in exile under José Giral. Lives in Paris until August 1947.
1949 Luís Seoane
Exhibitions in Paris and London. Meets Henry Moore, Herbert Read, Lucien Freud, Pablo Picasso and Óscar Domínguez.
1949 Antonio [Antonio Ruiz Soler]
After a short period in the United States, they performed for the first time in Paris, at the Théâtre des Champs Elysées
1955 Pablo Picasso
Exhibition at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris.
1955 Salvador Bacarisse
Met film director Roberto Rosellini, with whom he collaborated on various occasions
1956 Alejandro Casona
Travels to Europe. Crosses the border to Barcelona for the first time since the Civil War to visit his father.
27 Nov–10 Dec 1956 Max Aub
After considerable bureaucratic difficulties, he is allowed by the French government to visit France, but his stay is restricted to two weeks. He also visits England and Switzerland.
1957 Rafael Alberti
El Adefesio premiered in Paris.
1958 Salvador Bacarisse
Awarded first prize of the Chamber Opera Competition organised by the RTF. The prized work was Le trésor de Boabdil based on a text by André Camp and Francisco Puig Espert
Sep–Dec 1958 Max Aub
Visits Europe again, where he is able to meet up with his mother. He works as a foreign correspondent for Excelsior.
1962–1963 Tomás Segovia
Thanks to a grant from the Farfield Foundation, travels to New York, Paris and Rome.
1963 Salvador Bacarisse
Dies at the age of 65
1965–1966 Tomás Segovia
Stays in Paris, where he translates works into French for several publishing houses.
31 Dec 1965 Aveli Artis-Gener
Returns to Barcelona.
1969 Juan Miguel de Mora
Mora's last play, Emiliano Zapata, performed in French as La terre at the ORTF.
Feb 1969 Agustín Gómez Arcos
Pre-Papá and Adorado Alberto (Et si on aboyait?) performed as a double-bill at the Café-Théâtre de l'Odéon, directed by Miguel Arocena. They run for 71 performances. Re-staged in 1972 and 1973.
1972 Agustín Gómez Arcos
Cena con Mr. and Mrs. Q performed as Dîner avec Mr. et Mrs. Q. Gómez-Arcos takes part in events at the Sorbonne dedicated to new Spanish theatre. Other participants include Arrabal, Azaña and Elizondo.
Jun 1972 José Ramón Arana
Returns to Spain and settles in Barcelona
1975 Agustín Gómez Arcos
Wins the Prix Hermès for L'agneau carnivore.
1984 Agustín Gómez Arcos
Finalist for the Prix Goncourt with Un oiseau brûlé vif.
1986–1987 Agustín Gómez Arcos
Interview de Mrs. Muerta Smith por sus fantasmas performed as Interview de Mrs. Morte Smith par ses fantômes.
1998 Agustín Gómez Arcos
Dies of cancer.
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