Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile



Significant Events

1886 Jordá Rosell, Luis Gimeno
After training at the Conservatorio del Liceo and the Basílica de la Merced in Barcelona he began teaching at the Music School of the Casa Provincial de Caridad in that city
1888 Pau Casals
Entered the Escola Municipal de Música de Barcelona, under José García i Jacot
1890 Pau Casals
In a secondhand bookshop he discovered the yet unearthed Suites for Solo Cello by Johan Sebastian Bach, which he would first perform 12 years later
1895 Pablo Picasso
Picasso's family moves to Barcelona, where he studies at the La Lonja fine arts academy.
1896 Pau Casals
After a period of illness, Casals returned to Barcelona. He was appointed professor of cello at the Escola Municipal de Música. Soon his reputation grew. He played frequently in concerts with Granados and the Belgian violinist Mathieu Crickboom, later forming the Cuarteto Crickboom together with José Rocabruna and Rafael Gálvez
1900 Pablo Picasso
First exhibition in Barcelona. First of several trips to Paris.
1910–1915 León Felipe
Gives up his business after falling into debt. Works as an actor with an itinerant troupe along the Mediterranean coast and in Portugal.
1911 Josep Carner
Becomes a member of the Philological Section of the Institut d'Estudis Catalans.
1912–1920 Pere Calders
Born into a pro-Catalan family. His father is an amateur writer and printer.
1913–1914 Josep Carner
Edits the journal Catalunya once again.
1914–1916 Roberto Gerhard
Took piano lessons from Granados
Aug 1914 Max Aub
After the start of the First World War, his parents are forced to move from France to Spain, where they have some business.
1915 María José de Chopitea
Born in Barcelona, where she goes to school. Travels regularly to Geneva to see family friends. Learns to speak French.
1916–1920 Roberto Gerhard
After the death of Granados, Gerhard took piano lessons from another of his teacher's pupils, Frank Marshall. He also began studying composition with Felipe Pedrell, who had a significant influence on his career.
1918 León Felipe
Meets the Peruvian Irene Arambarri. They have a relationship which lasts a few months.
1919 Pau Casals
Settled in Barcelona
Oct 1919–Oct 1925 Esteban Salazar Chapela
Studies History at the University of Barcelona.
1920 Pere Calders
Attends the Escola Mossèn Cinto.
1920 Pau Casals
Founded the orchestra Pau Casals, which he would fund himself for the following seven years. It became a key cultural institution of Barcelona until the Civil War
1921–1925 María Teresa León
Lives in Barcelona.
1922 Roberto Gerhard
After the death of Pedrell, approached Manuel de Falla but was refused tuition
1925 Roberto Gerhard
Organised Schoenberg's visit to Barcelona to conduct Pierrot Lunaire, an event heralded as a step in the modernisation of Spain's musical landscape
1929 Pere Calders
Studies Fine Arts at l'Escola Superior de Belles Arts in Barcelona.
1929–1936 Josep Ferrater Mora
Works as an editor and translator for advertising agencies and publishing companies.
1930 Roberto Gerhard
Organised a concert devoted to some of his own works, which took the widely respected and conservative conductor of the Orfeó Català, Lluis Millet, to publish a harsh critique in the Revista musical catalana. Gerhard's reply inaugurated a series of weekly columns in the journal Mirador were he campaigned for avant-garde music
1930 Roberto Gerhard
Married Leopoldina Feichtegger
1931 Roberto Gerhard
Invited Schoenberg and his wife to spend eight months in Barcelona. There Schoenberg composed most of the score for his opera Moses und Aaron and conducted the Pau Casals Orchestra on several occassions
1931 Roberto Gerhard
Professor of music at the Escola Normal de la Generalitat in Barcelona
1931 Pau Casals
Appointed president of the Music Committee of the Generalitat
1931–1936 Aveli Artis-Gener
Writes articles for the newspapers Diari Mercantil, L'Opinió, La Rambla, La Publicitat, El Be Negre, L'Esquella de la Torratxa, Meridiá.
1932 Roberto Gerhard
With the establishment of an autonomous Catalan Government, Gerhard became a member of the advisory council to the Ministry of Fine Arts
1932–1936 Agustí Bartra
Publishes his articles and poems in the journals Amic and Mirador.
1932–1938 Roberto Gerhard
Head of the music department, Biblioteca de Catalunya. There, he edited the works of 18th-century Catalan composers
23 Sep 1932 Maruxa Vilalta
Born to Antonio Vilalta y Vidal, lawyer and founder member of the Esquerra Republicana, and María Soteras Maurí, doctor of Law.
1933–1935 Mercè Rodoreda
Publishes articles, interviews and stories in the journal Clarisme.
1935 María Luisa Algarra
Wins the Concurso Teatral Universitario prize for her first play, Judith.
1936 María Luisa Algarra
Receives a law degree from the Universitat Autónoma.
1936 María Luisa Algarra
Judith staged by Enrique Borrás at the Teatro Poliorama.
1936 Roberto Gerhard
Principal organiser of the 16th Festival of the International Society for Contemporary Music, during which the world premiere of Anton Webern's violin concerto took place. The festival also saw the concert premiere of Gerhard's so far unstaged ballet Ariel, a Catalanist reinterpretation of Shakespeare's The Tempest, by J. V. Foix.
1936 Roberto Gerhard
The Ballets Russes de Monte-Carlo commissioned from Gerhard a Catalan ballet that would later turn into Soirées de Barcelone. Ventura Gassol, Gerhard's friend and arts minister in the Catalan government, was to be the librettist.
1936–1939 María José de Chopitea
Works as a telephonist in the Hotel Majéstic in Barcelona. Becomes a surgical volunteer at the Hospital General.
Jul 1936–Feb 1939 Rafael Dieste
Publishes his works in anti-fascist journals, such as El Miliciano Gallego, El Mono Azul, Hora de España and El Buque Rojo.
Dec 1936–Sep 1937 Paulino Masip
Settles in Barcelona, where he starts working for La Vanguardia.
1937–1938 Aveli Artis-Gener
Co-directs the journal Véncer!
Apr 1937 Rafael Dieste
Moves to Barcelona, where he becomes director of the journal Nova Galiza.
Jul 1937 Corpus Barga
Takes part in the 2nd International Congress of Anti-fascist Writers.
Jul 1937 Eugenio Imaz
Attends the 2nd International Congress of Anti-fascist Writers.
Nov 1937–Jan 1939 Emilio Prados
Appointed, with Manuel Altolaguirre, director of the Publications of the Ministery of Education. Co-director of Hora de España and radio broadcaster. Becomes close friend of María Zambrano and Antonio Machado.
1938 Martínez Torner, Eduardo
Following the fall of the Republican Government in Valencia flees to Barcelona, resulting in the loss of most of his papers
Nov 1938 Juan José Domenchina
After moving to Barcelona, writes articles for La Vanguardia.
1949 Mercè Rodoreda
Returns to Spain for the first time since the war.
1955 Pere Calders
Calders' father enters some of his son's short stories for the Víctor Català prize, which he wins. This leads to the first serious studies of his work. Cròniques de la veritat oculta published in Barcelona, Calders' first book to be published there since the war.
1960 Antonio [Antonio Ruiz Soler]
Premiere of Jugando al toro to music by Cristóbal Halffter, at the Liceu
1962 Pere Calders
Returns definitively to Barcelona. Works for the Editorial Montaner i Simó, which has been bought by UTEHA. Continues to write for a number of journals.
1963 Corpus Barga
First journey to Spain after the war.
Aug–Nov 1969 Max Aub
He is allowed to enter Spain for the first time since the end of the Civil War.
1970 Rafael Alberti
Exhibition at the Colegio de Arquitectos de Cataluña y Baleares of his poetry and artwork. Exhibition at the Galleria la Margherita in Rome.
1973–1978 Aveli Artis-Gener
Appointed General Secretary of PEN Club Catalá.
16 Sep 1978 Pere Calders
The theatre group Dagoll Dagom performs Antaviana at the Villarroel Theatre, a play based on stories by Calders with music by Jaume Sisa, to great critical acclaim. This raises the author's profile, leading to the re-publication of many of his works. The group re-stages the play in 1985.
1979 Pere Calders
Wins the Lletra d'Or prize for L'invasió subtil i altres contes, his first new work of fiction in 15 years.
1984 Pere Calders
Wins the Premi a la Creació de la Generalitat de Catalunya for Tot s'aprofita.
1986 Pere Calders
Wins the Premi d'Honor de les Lletres Catalanes. Publication of his novel Gaeli i l'home déu, thought lost but rediscovered by Amanda Bath.
1994 Pere Calders
Dies in Barcelona. A monument is erected to him in Llançà, where the family used to spend its Summers.
2000 Pere Calders
Exhibition about Pere Calders and his work at the Centre de Cultura Contemporània de Barcelona.
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