Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile



Significant Events

1910–1915 León Felipe
Gives up his business after falling into debt. Works as an actor with an itinerant troupe along the Mediterranean coast and in Portugal.
1916 José Ricardo Morales
Moves to Valencia, his parents' original hometown.
1917 José Gaos
Attends the National Secondary School of Valencia.
1925–1928 José Gaos
Teaches German language at the Official Language School.
Nov 1926 Max Aub
Marries Perpetua - "Peua" - Barjau.
1927 Max Aub
Joins the Socialist Party.
1928–1933 José Ricardo Morales
Attends secondary school at the Institute Luis Vives, later called Blasco Ibáñez.
1929 Tomás Segovia
Sent to Valencia after his father's death, where he is brought up by his uncle and aunt.
1932–1935 José Ricardo Morales
Studies Teaching and Philosophy at the University of Valencia.
1934 Max Aub
Founds the University Theatre Company El Búho.
1934–1937 José Ricardo Morales
University studies in Philosophy, interrupted by the outbreak of war.
1934–1939 José Ricardo Morales
Before and during the war meets other important Republican intellectuals such as Juan Gil-Albert, Ricardo Muñoz Suay, Vicente Gaos and Josep Renau
1935 José Ricardo Morales
Joins the "Federación Universitaria Española", a left-wing student organisation.
1936 Alfonso Rodríguez Castelao
Re-elected as a candidate for the Frente Popular. Campaigns in favour of the Galician Statute of Autonomy, which is approved in June 1936. He is in Madrid when the military coup occurs, moving to Valencia and then to Barcelona.
1936–1939 José Ricardo Morales
Participates in the Theatre Company El Búho, directed by Max Aub, writing his first plays for the company.
Jul–Dec 1936 Max Aub
Co-directs the newspaper Verdad with Josep Renau.
Jul 1936–Feb 1939 Rafael Dieste
Publishes his works in anti-fascist journals, such as El Miliciano Gallego, El Mono Azul, Hora de España and El Buque Rojo.
1 Aug 1936 Manuel Altolaguirre
Takes part in the Anti-fascist Intellectuals Alliance.
Nov 1936 Virgilio Botella Pastor
As a member of the Republican government, he moves to Valencia when the government relocates there.
Nov 1936–Jan 1937 José Moreno Villa
Moves to Valencia, where he stays in the "Casa de la Cultura"
8 Nov 1936–Nov 1938 Ernestina de Champourcín
Leaves Madrid towards Valencia. Publishes in Hora de España.
Dec 1936 Manuel Altolaguirre
Moves to Valencia, and is involved in the launch of the journal Hora de España.
1937 Rafael Alberti
Takes part in the organization of the II International Antifascist Writers Congress. Travels to Paris and Moscow, where he meets Stalin.
1937 Luis Cernuda
Takes part in the 2nd Antifascist Intellectuals Congress in Valencia.
1937 Luis Cernuda
Co-founder of the journal Hora de España.
1937 Pedro Garfias
Works for the Subcomisariado de Propaganda del Comisariado General de Guerra in Valencia, which publishes his book of war poems, Poesías de la guerra. Takes part in the II Congreso Internacional de Escritores para la Defensa de la Cultura and contributes to the Homenaje al Poeta Federico García Lorca, compiled by Emilio Prados, and to the Romancero General de la Guerra de España, compiled by Prados and Rodríguez Moñino.
1937–1938 José Ricardo Morales
Becomes a director of the theatre copmpany "El Búho".
10 Jan 1937–Jun 1937 Esteban Salazar Chapela
Works for the Spanish Information Service.
Feb 1937–Jan 1939 Juan Rejano
After the defeat of the Republican army in Málaga, he is forced to move to Valencia. Director of Frente Rojo.
Jul 1937 José Bergamín
President of the Second International Wriiters Congress in Defence of Culture.
Jul 1937 Juan Chabás
Takes part in the Second International Anti-fascist Writers' Congress.
Jul 1937 Lorenzo Varela
Takes part in the Segundo Congreso Internacional de Intelectuales Antifascistas.
Jul 1937 María Zambrano
Takes part in the II Congreso Internacional de escritores para la defensa de la cultura. Becomes a close friend of Emilio Prados, Simone Weil, César Vallejo and Octavio Paz.
Jul 1937 Corpus Barga
Takes part in the 2nd International Congress of Anti-fascist Writers.
Jul 1937 Eugenio Imaz
Attends the 2nd International Congress of Anti-fascist Writers.
Jul 1937 José Herrera Petere
Takes part in the Second Congress for the Defense of Culture
Jul 1937 Max Aub
Takes part in the organisation of the Second Congress of Anti-Fascist Writers.
Jul 1937 Emilio Prados
Takes part in the organisation of the Second Congress of Anti-fascist Writers.
3 Jul 1937 Manuel Altolaguirre
Attends the Antifascist Writers Congress organized by the Anti-fascist Intellectuals Alliance.
Nov 1937–Feb 1938 Arturo Barea
Due to his problems with certain members of the Communist Party, Barea leaves Madrid. Stays in Valencia and Barcelona.
1938 Juan José Domenchina
Member of the Editorial Board of Hora de España.
Jan 1938–Jan 1939 Juan José Domenchina
Becomes Secretary of the Republican Party and of President Azaña's Diplomatic Cabinet.
1945 Jesús Izcaray
Leads the clandestine Communist Party in Valencia.
Nov–Dec 1958 Juan Mateu
Returns to Pedralba to marry Cora Martín. Arrested on the train by the Francoist police, who have heard of his activities in France, and imprisoned for a few days in Valencia.
1967 José Ricardo Morales
First trip to Spain since the war.
Aug–Nov 1969 Max Aub
He is allowed to enter Spain for the first time since the end of the Civil War.
May–Jul 1972 Max Aub
Travels to Spain again. Returns to Mexico three days before his death.
1993 Rafael Alberti
Awarded the Premio Andalucía de las Letras in Granada. Receives the Medalla de Oro de Bellas Artes from King Juan Carlos in Valencia. Renews his Communist party membership.
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