Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile


Buenos Aires

Significant Events

- Guillermo de Torre
Becomes Professor of Literature at the University of Buenos Aires and some other Argentinian universities.
1910 Luís Seoane
Born in Buenos Aires to Galician parents.
1919 Eduardo Blanco Amor
Emigrates to Buenos Aires, where he lives for a number of years.
1920–1922 Eduardo Blanco Amor
Regularly attends the "tertulia" at Café Armonía.
1920–1930 Lorenzo Varela
His family move again, this time to Buenos Aires, where he attends primary school.
24 Sep 1921 Eduardo Blanco Amor
Co-founder of the Federation of Galician Societies
1924–1932 Eduardo Blanco Amor
Co-founder and co-director of the literary journal Céltiga.
1925 Eduardo Blanco Amor
Begins to work for the newspaper La Nación.
1930 Guillermo de Torre
Moves to Argentina
1930 Eduardo Blanco Amor
Co-founder of ORGA ("Organización Republicana Galega Autónoma").
1931 Concha Méndez
Begins to publish her poems in the newspaper 'La Nación
Sep 1936 Luís Seoane
Leaves Spain for Buenos Aires.
1937 Eduardo Blanco Amor
Appointed Vice-consul of the Spanish Republic in Buenos Aires.
1937 Antonio [Antonio Ruiz Soler]
Their first appearance in Latin America took place at the Teatro Maravillas in Buenos Aires, presenting the show Las maravillas del Maravillas. After Carmen Amaya left, the pair became the headline act.
1938 Luís Seoane
Works for the Editorial Losada, founded by a Galician compatriot, which publishes works censored in Spain.
Aug 1938 Guillermo de Torre
Becomes co-founder of the Publishing House Losada.
1939 Luís Seoane
Edits the magazine Galicia, published by the Centro Gallego de Buenos Aires, which he will continue to do for twenty years.
7 Jul 1939 Alejandro Casona
Settles in Buenos Aires.
11 Jul 1939 Rafael Dieste
The family moves to Buenos Aires.
10 Aug 1939 Francisco Ayala
Arrives in Argentina
1940 Rafael Alberti
Alberti leaves for America with León. They arrive in Buenos Aires, where they meet other Spanish intellectuals in exile. Forced to move to the province of Córdoba because they do not have residency status in Argentina.
1940 Luís Seoane
Sets up the Hórreo and Dorna collections for EMECÉ Editores.
1940 Alfonso Rodríguez Castelao
Moves to Buenos Aires.
1940 Julián Bautista
Arrived in Buenos Aires
1940–1945 Arturo Serrano Plaja
22 Apr 1940 Francisco Ayala
Is appointed member of the Argentinian Institute of Social and Legal Philosophy.
Jun 1940–1950 Rosa Chacel
They spend their winters in Buenos Aires.
1941 Rafael Alberti
Alberti and León’s first daughter, Aitana, is born.
1941 Francisco Ayala
Works for the Publishing houses Losada and Sudamericana as a translator and collections editor.
1941 Alejandro Casona
Las tres perfectas casadas premiered.
1942 Arturo Serrano Plaja
Co-founder, with Lorenzo Varela, of the journal De Mar a Mar.
1943 Luís Seoane
Founds the Correo Literario magazine and the Editorial Nova.
1944 Alejandro Casona
La dama del alba premiered.
1944 Rafael Alberti
Margarita Xirgu stages Alberti's adaptación of Numancia in Montevideo and El Adefesio in Buenos Aires.
11 Sep 1944 Francisco Ayala
Becomes Argentinian Citizen.
22 Oct 1944 Julián Bautista
Interviewed by the Buenos Aires-based radio station La voz del aire on national Music Day
1945 Alejandro Casona
La barca sin pescador premiered.
19 Dec 1945 Francisco Ayala
Returns to Argentina
1946 Julio Alejandro
Moves from Mexico to Santiago de Chile and then Buenos Aires, where he embarks for Spain.
1 Feb 1947 Francisco Ayala
Begins publishing the journal Realidad
1948 Luís Seoane
Exhibitions in Buenos Aires and Caracas. Founds the Botella al Mar publishing house.
Aug–Nov 1948 Juan Ramón Jiménez
Trip to Uruguay and Argentina, where they give several speeches.
1949 Manuel Lamana
Moves to Argentina, where he lectures in Philosophy and Letters at the Universidad de Buenos Aires, is appointed a Professor in French Literature at the Universidad de Tucumán, and becomes a translator for publishing house Losada. Continues to live, teach and work in Argentina for the rest of his life, and in the 1980s co-directs the Instituto de Cultura Iberoargentina with Luis Quesada.
1950 María de la O Lejárraga
María sells the house in Nice and moves to New York, then to Hollywood. She fails in her attempt to sell her stories and comedies there. She moves to Mexico, then to Buenos Aires, where she spends the last 24 years of her life, writing, translating, and working for the press.
1950 Alfonso Rodríguez Castelao
Dies at the Centro Gallego in Buenos Aires. His remains are returned to Galicia in 1984.
1951 Rafael Alberti
Exhibits his paintings at the Bonino Gallery and the Sala Vía V.
1952 Eduardo Blanco Amor
Appointed Professor of Textual Interpretation in the Conservatorio Argentino.
1952 María de la O Lejárraga
Publishes an autobiographical work, Una mujer por caminos de España, which nostalgically evokes her passionate social commitment to the Republican project in Spain and her sense of loss at its failure.
1952–1962 Luís Seoane
Founds the magazine Galicia Emigrante and the Citania publishing house.
1952–1976 Lorenzo Varela
Returns to Argentina. Works as a journalist and art critic. Joins the newspaper La Razón.
21 Oct 1953 Julián Bautista
Interviewed by the Buenos Aires-based station "Radio Belgrano" on national Music Day
1954 Rafael Alberti
Exhibition at the Galería Galatea.
Sep 1954 Rafael Dieste
Returns to Argentina, where he takes back his post at the publishing House Atlántida.
1955 Luís Seoane
Paints a large mural at the Teatro San Martín in Buenos Aires.
1956–1957 Arturo Barea
Writes articles for the Argentinian newspaper La Nación.
Apr–Jun 1956 Arturo Barea
Travels to South America, where he gives several talks after the success of the Spanish version of La forja de un rebelde.
Jun 1956 Eduardo Blanco Amor
Becomes one of the founders of AGUEA (Asociación Galega de Universitarios, Escritores e Artistas), part of the newly-created Consello de Galiza in exile.
Nov 1957 Eduardo Blanco Amor
Founds the Teatro Popular Galego
1958 Luís Seoane
Awarded the Medalla del Senado de la Nación Argentina.
26 Nov 1958 Julián Bautista
Interviewed by LR1 Radio El Mundo de Buenos Aires
Apr 1959 Julián Bautista
Invited by the Wagnerian Association of Buenos Aires to become a judge for the Carlos López Buchardo composition prize
1961 Julián Bautista
Dies at the age of 60
1962 Luís Seoane
Awarded the prestigious Premio Palanza in Argentina.
1962 Alejandro Casona
Staging of Carta de amor de una monja portuguesa (unpublished) by Berta Singerman's company.
1968 Luís Seoane
Retrospective exhibition of his work in Buenos Aires. Founds the Laboratorio de Formas de Galicia with Isaac Díaz Pardo.
Jun 1974 María de la O Lejárraga
Dies aged 100.
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