Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile



Significant Events

1915 María José de Chopitea
Born in Barcelona, where she goes to school. Travels regularly to Geneva to see family friends. Learns to speak French.
1936–1939 (Juan de Lara) Alvaro Fernández Suárez
Goes to Geneva as government representative to the League of Nations as part of the panel of experts charged with imposing sanctions on Italy. Becomes commercial attaché to the Spanish Embassy in Rome, where he is held hostage by a group of falangists. The Republican Government moves him to Paris, and then to Madrid during the first days of the siege. Spends the war following the Republican government from Madrid to Valencia and then to Barcelona.
1939 María José de Chopitea
Crosses the border accompanied by the staff of Luis Octavio Madero, Mexican consul in Barcelona, to whom she is engaged. Spends a few months in Paris and Geneva before embarking for Mexico.
1944 An international commission of lawyers in Geneva certifies that between 1939 and 1943 nearly 200,000 Spaniards were executed by the Franco regime without proper legal proceedings.
1960 Amparo Alvajar
Having worked as a translator for the UN in Paris, Alvajar moves to Geneva, where she directs a number of plays by Lope de Vega, Moratín, Buero Vallejo and García Lorca.
↑ Top of page