Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile


Manila/ Philippines

Significant Events

1939 Julio Alejandro
Manages to cross Spain to Lisbon. Boards a Japanese ship which takes him to Manila. After a brief period with the Franciscan monks, he starts to teach at the Universidad de Santo Tomás.
1940–1945 Julio Alejandro
Imprisoned by the Japanese in Manila, in terrible conditions. Granted a visa to the USA, washing dishes in exchange for his passage on board ship. Rejects US citizenship on arrival in San Diego and moves to Mexico.
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