Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile


Mexico D. F.

Significant Events

1923 León Felipe
Travels to Mexico for the first time with a letter of introduction from Alfonso Reyes.
1928 Américo Castro
Lectures at universities of Puerto Rico, Cuba and Mexico.
Feb–Jul 1937 José Moreno Villa
Travels to the United States on behalf of a Diplomatic Mission for the Republican Government. Gives conferences and exhibits his paintings.
May 1937 Alejandro Casona
Arrives in Mexico on board the ship Iberia. He will live in Mexico for two years, until July 1939.
Jan 1938 José Moreno Villa
Starts working for the Mexican State in the Fine Art Conservation Department.
1938–1955 José Moreno Villa
Settles in Mexico City.
Aug 1938 José Gaos
Goes into exile.
Aug 1938 José Moreno Villa
Settles in Mexico for his definite exile. Starts working for the magazine Hoy.
Dec 1938 Enrique Díez Canedo
Arrives in Mexico. Becomes one of the first members of the Casa de España (later Colegio de México), where he teaches Latin American Literature.
1939 José Bergamín
Founds the publishing company Seneca
1939 José Bergamín
Founds the journal España Peregrina
1939 José Gaos
Becomes co-founder of The Spanish House.
1939 León Felipe
Co-founder of the journal Cuadernos Americanos.
1939–1944 Enrique Díez Canedo
Lives in Mexico, where he publishes several books. Attends the tertulia in "Café Colón"
1939–1945 Josep Carner
Loyal to the Republic and therefore unable to return to Spain, Carner moves to Mexico with his new wife, Belgian teacher and literary critic Emilie Noulet. Teaches at the Casa de España/Colegio de Mexico.
1939–1962 Emilio Prados
Lives in Mexico, where he works as a teacher at Luis Vives school.
Mar 1939 Eugenio Imaz
Appointed Vice-president of the "Junta de Cultura Española".
Apr 1939 José Moreno Villa
Marries Consuelo Prieto
May 1939 José Bergamín
Travels to Mexico by invitation of President Lázaro Cárdenas to prepare the arrival of Spanish intellectuals.
26 May 1939 Emilio Prados
Arrives in Mexico City. Stays at Octavio Paz's home.
1 Jun 1939 Ernestina de Champourcín
Arrives in Mexico invited by the Casa de España. Starts working for Fondo de Cultura Económica as a translator.
Jun 1939 Lorenzo Varela
Arrives in Mexico on board the Sinaia. Settles in Mexico City.
Jul 1939 Emilio Prados
Starts working for Editorial Séneca as a typograph.
Jul 1939–Jun 1940 Juan José Domenchina
Works for the Casa de España.
Sep 1939–1947 José Gaos
Becomes profesor of the UNAM.
Oct 1939–Aug 1945 Virgilio Botella Pastor
Settles in Mexico D. F. Works as a manager for several companies.
Dec 1939–1951 Eugenio Imaz
Worked as a translator for Fondo de Cultura Económica
1940 Jesús Izcaray
Appointed Chief Editor of "España Popular".
1940 Tomás Segovia
Settles in Mexico City, where he attends the Academia Hispano-Mexicana.
1940–1943 Enrique Díez Canedo
Publishes his articles in several journals founded by exiles: España Peregrina, Romance and Litoral. He also publishes in Mexican newspapers such as El Nacional and Excelsior and journals such as Tierra Nueva, La Pajarita de Papel, La Gaceta del Caribe, Hijo Pródigo, Lumen, Revista de Literatura Mexicana and Cuadernos Americanos.
1940–1943 Jesús Izcaray
Attends regularly the tertulia of "El Papagayo".
1940–1965 Aveli Artis-Gener
Writres for many journals: La Nostra Revista, La Nova Revista, Quaderns de l'exili, Revista del Refugiats d'America, Lletres, Pont Blau and Full Catalá.
1941 José Ramón Arana
Arrives in Mexico
1941 Jesús Izcaray
Continues writing for the journals of the Communist Party, Mundo Obrero and Nuestra Bandera.
1941–1946 Agustí Bartra
Works for several publications in the Americas: El Nacional, Excelsior, Las Españas (Mexico); Repertorio Americano (San Jose de Costa Rica), La Patria (Bogota), The Nation (New York), Correo Literario (Buenos Aires).
1941–1962 Paulino Masip
Works as a translator. Writes for the journals Romance, España Peregrina, Litoral and Las Españas.
10 Jun 1941 José Gaos
Becomes Mexican citizen.
Aug 1941–Jan 1970 Agustí Bartra
Settles in Mexico D. F. Works as a draughtsman for Estudio Llama where he draws for commercial purposes, then later works as a translator.
1942–1946 Eugenio Imaz
Appointed profdessor of the UNAM.
Nov 1942–1946 Max Aub
Teaches Film Theory at the Cinema Institute in Mexico City.
1943 Manuel Altolaguirre
Re-founds the journal Litoral in collaboration with Moreno Villa, Prados, Rejano and Francisco Giner de los Ríos.
1943–1945 José Ramón Arana
Writes regularly for the newspaper El Popular.
1943–1945 Juan José Domenchina
Publishes a number of articles in the newspaper Hoy under the title of "Pasión y muerte de la República Española".
1943–1946 Max Aub
Writes a number of screenplays for Mexican cinema.
Feb 1943 José Bergamín
His wife Rosario dies.
1 Mar 1943 Manuel Altolaguirre
Moves to Mexico City.
1944 Manuel Altolaguirre
Altolaguirre and Concha Méndez are divorced.
1944 Agustí Bartra
Founds the journal Lletres in collaboration with Josep Carner.
1944 Max Aub
Appointed secretary to the National Cinema Commission.
1944–1946 Manuel Altolaguirre
Establishes the publishing company Isla.
1944–1986 Concha Méndez
She settles in Mexico D. F., where she will live until her death.
Jul 1944 Emilio Prados
'Litoral'' is re-born. Co-directed by Prados, Moreno Villa, Altolaguirre, Rejano and Francisco Giner de los Ríos.
Dec 1944–1953 Emilio Prados
Leaves the publishing house Seneca and goes through serious economical problems.
1945 Tomás Segovia
Studies Medicine at the Universidad Autónoma de México (UNAM).
1946 Manuel Andújar
Becomes manager of the publishing house Fondo de Cultura Económica and the Librería Juárez.
1946 Max Aub
He is reunited with his wife and daughters after six years of separation.
1946–1955 Emilio Prados
Works as a tutor for the "Instituto Luis Vives".
1 Oct 1946 José Ramón Arana
Founds the journal Las Españas with Manuel Andujar
1947–1951 Tomás Segovia
Gives up Medicine in favour of "Letras" at the UNAM.
1947–1952 Juan José Domenchina
Works as a translator and interpreter.
1948 Manuel Altolaguirre
Marries Maria Luisa Gomez Mena.
1948–1954 Tomás Segovia
Works as a teacher for the Institut Français d' Amérique Latine and the Alliance Française and becomes a translator for the Fondo de Cultura Económica (FCE).
1948–1954 Tomás Segovia
Teaches French at the Intitut Français d' Amérique Latine.
Dec 1948 Antonio Espina
Arrives in Mexico. Writes for the journals Realidad, Las Españas, Cabalgata, Iberia, Asomante and Tiempo and contributes to the Ateneo Español de México
1949–1951 Eugenio Imaz
Professor of Philosophy in the UNAM.
Nov 1950 Agustí Bartra
Returns to Mexico. Begins to work for the Librería Juárez.
1951–1959 Max Aub
Works for the publishing industry, on magazines and journals.
1952–1962 Emilio Prados
Publishes his articles and poems in journals such as Cuadernos Americanos and Papeles de Son Armadans.
Sep 1952 Luis Cernuda
Moves to Mexico. Lives at Concha Méndez's house. Teaches courses at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México and spends his summers in Acapulco.
1953–1960 José Ramón Arana
In association with González Porto founds and directs the magazine Crisol.
1954 Juan Rejano
Appointed member of the Central Commitee of the Spanish Communist Party.
1956 Manuel Andújar
Andújar and Ananda Velasco are married.
1957 León Felipe
His wife dies.
1957–1960 Tomás Segovia
Works as a publisher for the Universidad Nacional de México.
1959 José Ramón Arana
Divorces Dolores Arana.
1959 José Ramón Arana
Works for the bookshop and publishing company of González Porto.
1959–1969 Tomás Segovia
Director of the journal Revista Mexicana de Literatura.
27 Oct 1959 Ernestina de Champourcín
Her husband, Juan José Domechina dies.
1961–1962 Tomás Segovia
Appointed 'Director de difusión cultural' at the UNAM.
4 Feb 1964 Juan Rejano
His partner Luisa Carnés dies in a car crash.
1965 Tomás Segovia
Divorces his wife.
1970–1984 Tomás Segovia
Works for the Colegio de México as a professor.
Jan 1972 Max Aub
He is elected Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et Lettres by the French Government.
1972 Tomás Segovia
Appointed chief editor of the journal Plural.
Nov 1983 Ernestina de Champourcín
Temporary return to Mexico.
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