Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile

María José de Chopitea [1915—]

Date of Birth: 1915 Barcelona/Spain

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Writer, translator and publisher exiled in Mexico.

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1915 Barcelona
Geneva/Switzerland
Born in Barcelona, where she goes to school. Travels regularly to Geneva to see family friends. Learns to speak French.
1936–1939 Barcelona
Works as a telephonist in the Hotel Majéstic in Barcelona. Becomes a surgical volunteer at the Hospital General.
1939 Paris
Mexico
Geneva/Switzerland
Crosses the border accompanied by the staff of Luis Octavio Madero, Mexican consul in Barcelona, to whom she is engaged. Spends a few months in Paris and Geneva before embarking for Mexico.
1940 Mexico
Begins to write for a number of magazines and newspapers, including El Nacional, Nosotras, Confidencias, Todo, Mañana, La semana ilustrada, Nuevo Mundo and others.
1946 Acquires Mexican nationality.
1950 Publishes a collection of short stories for children, Lazos de infancia.
1954 Publishes a novel, Sola.
1960 Publishes a travel diary, Guieshuba. Jardín del Istmo. Works as secretary to Mexican muralist David Siqueiros during his time in prison. Continues working for him until his death in 1974.
1963 Publishes her only play, La dictadora.
1965 Publishes an elegy, In Memoriam, in memory of ex-husband Luis Octavio Madero, from whom she was separated.
1976 Tlahuapan/Mexico
Co-founder of the Premià publishing house in Mexico, with Fernando Tola de Habich, José Miguel Tola and Margarita Millet. According to the Diccionario de literatura mexicana, 'el objetivo fue crear una editora de carácter fundamentalmente literario que también incursionara en el ensayo humanístico' (161).
1992 Premià Editora closes down.
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