Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile

Pablo Picasso [1881–1973]

Date of Birth: 1881 Málaga/Spain
Died: 1973 Mougins/France (age 93)

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Cubist artist, painter of Guernica, poet and dramatist. Settled in France in 1904.

Time Table

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1895 Barcelona
Picasso's family moves to Barcelona, where he studies at the La Lonja fine arts academy.
1900 Paris
First exhibition in Barcelona. First of several trips to Paris.
1901–1904 Picasso's 'Blue Period'.
1904 Paris
Settles in Paris, where he befriends Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob, Gertrude and Leo Stein, among others.
1905 'Rose Period'.
1907 Les Demoiselles d'Avignon and the beginnings of Cubism.
1916 Begins to engage in design for ballet and theatrical productions.
1918 Marries Olga Khokhlova.
1925 Becomes involved with the Surrealists.
1932 Paris
Exhibitions at the Galeries Georges Petit, Paris, and the Kunsthaus, Zürich, which establish him as a well-known artist.
1937 Paints Guernica, in protest at the German aerial bombardment of the Basque town.
1939 New York
Exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.
1944 Joins the Communist party.
19 Mar 1944 Paris. Quai des Grands-Augustins
First public reading of Picasso's Le Decir attrapé par la queue at the apartment of Michel and Lousie Leiris, not far from Picasso's studio. Directed by Albert Camus. Among the actors were Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir. The audience included, among others, Jean-Louis Barrault, Georges Bataille, Georges Braque, María Casares, Jacques Lacan and Henri Michaux. Picasso is said to have displayed a picture of the poet Max Jacob, in honour of his death on the field of battle on 5 March 1944, during the reading.
Jun 1944 Paris
Picasso brings together all those present at the first performance of Le désir attrapé par la queue. This gathering was photographed by Hungarian photographer Brassaï.
1948 Moves to the South of France.
Mar 1952 New York
Le désir attrapé par la queue performed in New York by the Living Theatre group.
1955 Paris
Exhibition at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris.
1961 Mougins/France
Marries Jacqueline Roque. They move to Mougins.
Jul 1967 Saint-Tropez
Jean-Jacques Lebel, vanguardist writer and artist, stages Le désir attrapé par la queue in Saint-Tropez, at the Festival for Freedom of Expression.
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