Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile

Jesús Bal y Gay [1905–1993]

Date of Birth: 23 Jun 1905 Lugo
Died: 3 Mar 1993 Madrid (age 87)

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1921 Madrid
Takes a piano examination at the Real Conservatorio de Madrid, having studied in Lugo
1924 Lugo
Founded the journal Ronsel with a group of intellectuals from Lugo. There he would publish poems, articles on music and one of his songs
1924–1933 Madrid
Resided at the Residencia de Estudiantes, Madrid, except for the period 1927-1928 when he performed his military service. During this period he entered the Seminario de Estudos Gallegos. He also began compiling the Cancionero gallego under the auspices of the Junta para la Ampliación de Estudios, in collaboration with Eduardo Martínez Torner.
1925–1935 Madrid
Covers music events in Madrid for the Vigo-based newspaper El Pueblo Gallego
1928 Madrid
Began working at the Centro de Estudios Históricos, compiling romances from Cantabria as well as the Cancionero gallego. Following his differences with Martínez Torner, Menéndez Pidal charges him with the study of Spanish music of the 16th and 17th centuries
1935 Marries pianist and composer Rosa García Ascot
1935 Cambridge
Professor J.B. Trend invites him to work a three-year post as a lector of Spanish at the University of Cambridge
1938 Mexico
Seeks exile in Mexico, where he receives governmental grants until 1940
1940–1942 Mexico
Worked for the Casa de España, later Colegio de México
1940–1951 Mexico
Wrote music criticism for the newspaper El Universal
1943–1949 Mexico
Worked as a journalist for the British Propaganda Office
1946 Mexico
Founder and editor of the music journal Nuestra Música
1947 Mexico
Appointed director of the musicology section of the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, presided by Carlos Chávez
1957–1964 Mexico
Music director of the radio station of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
1958–1964 Mexico
Teaches music at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
1965 Santiago de Compostela
Teaches composition at the International Music Course, Santiago de Compostela. Among his students figures Jesús Villa Rojo, later his greatest champion and performer
1965 Madrid
Settles in Madrid
1993 Madrid
Dies aged 88
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