Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile

Manuel Altolaguirre [1905–1959]

Date of Birth: 29 Jun 1905 Malaga
Died: 26 Jul 1959 Burgos (age 54)

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Spanish poet associated with the Generation of 1927, dramatist and publisher. Exiled in Cuba and Mexico.

Time Table

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1912–1923 Malaga
Attends the jesuit school of Miraflores del Palo. Studies Law at the University of Granada.
1923 Malaga
Begins publishing the journal Ambos, in collaboration with José María Souvirón, Emilio Prados and José María Hinojosa.
1925 Málaga. Calle San Lorenzo 12
Founds the printing company Imprenta Sur in cooperation with Emilio Prados.
1926 Malaga
First issue of the journal Litoral, founded by Altolaguirre and Prados.
1930 Malaga
Paris
Launches the poetry journal Poesía.
1931 Paris
Stays for a few months in Paris, where he becomes close friend with Salvador Dalí, Jules Supervielle, Pablo Picasso and Jorge Guillén. Publishes Cuadernos de Poesía.
1932 Madrid
Founds the journal Héroe in collaboration with Concha Méndez.
5 Jun 1932 Malaga
Altolaguirre and Concha Méndez are married.
1933 Awarded the Premio Nacional de Literature for La lenta libertad.
1933–1935 London
Receives a scholarship from the Centro de Estudios Históricos. He and his wife travel to the UK, where he gives several conferences. Publishes the bilingual journal 1616, commemorating the year in which both Shakespeare and Cervantes died.
1935–1936 Madrid. Calle Viriato
Establishes a new press, La Verónica, which publishes the well-known journal Caballo Verde para la Poesía.
1936–1938 Publishes the journals Hora de España and El Mono Azul during the civil war.
1936–1939 Mequinensa
Join the XI Corps of the Eastern Republican Army.
Jul 1936–Feb 1937 San Lorenzo de El Escorial
Directs the theatre company La Barraca after García Lorca's death. Becomes a member of the editorial board of El Mono Azul, with María Teresa León, Rafael Alberti and José Bergamín.
1 Aug 1936 Valencia
Takes part in the Anti-fascist Intellectuals Alliance.
Dec 1936 Valencia
Moves to Valencia, and is involved in the launch of the journal Hora de España.
3 Jul 1937 Valencia
Attends the Antifascist Writers Congress organized by the Anti-fascist Intellectuals Alliance.
1938 Receives the Premio Nacional de Teatro for Ni un solo momento.
Jan 1939 Perpignan
Goes into exile in France. Interned in a camp in Perpignan.
Jan 1939 Perpignan
Suffers a nervous breakdown and is admitted to a sanatorium for psychiatric treatment.
Feb 1939 Paris. 35 rue de La Chapelle
He is taken to Paris, invited there by the French government in recognition of his work. He rejoins his family. Stays at Paul Eluard’s home.
Mar–Apr 1939 La Habana
Boards the Saint Domingue bound for Mexico, but disembarks in Camangüey, Cuba, when his child falls ill.
Apr 1939–Mar 1943 La Habana
Lives in Havana for five years.
1943 Mexico D. F.
Re-founds the journal Litoral in collaboration with Moreno Villa, Prados, Rejano and Francisco Giner de los Ríos.
1 Mar 1943 Mexico D. F.
Moves to Mexico City.
1944 Mexico D. F.
Altolaguirre and Concha Méndez are divorced.
1944–1946 Mexico D. F.
Establishes the publishing company Isla.
1948 Mexico D. F.
Marries Maria Luisa Gomez Mena.
1950–1953 Mexico D.F.
Founds Producciones Isla. Starts to direct films (including El condenado por desconfiado, Doña Clarines, and Los emigrantes) and write screenplays (including Cervantes' El rufián dichoso and Golpe de suerte). Awarded the Premio al mejor argumento del año for Subida al cielo, directed by Luis Buñuel.
1 Jun 1950 Malaga
Madrid
Travels to Spain for the first time since the end of the Civil War.
Oct 1953–Mar 1955 La Habana
Returns to Havana, where he lives for almost two years.
26 Jul 1959 Burgos
Altolaguirre and his wife die in a car crash after attending the International Film Festival in San Sebastián, where he had presented his film El cantar de los cantares, based on Fray Luis de León's work.
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