Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile

Josep Carner [1884–1970]

Date of Birth: 9 Feb 1884 Barcelona
Died: 4 Jun 1970 Brussels (age 86)

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Catalan poet, journalist, playwright and translator. Dubbed the 'prince of poets', his early poetry is considered emblematic of the Catalan noucentisme movement. Committed to the standardisation of the Catalan language and the professionalisation of Catalan literature, he worked to this end alongside such figures as Pompeu Fabra and Enric Prat de la Riba. He also translated the work of such major figures as Shakespeare, Molière, Dickens, George Elliot, Mark Twain, La Fontaine, Daniel Defoe, Lewis Carroll and Francis of Assisi.

Time Table

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1902 Barcelona/Spain
Aged eighteen, obtains a degree in Law. Enric Prat de la Riba, president of the Mancomunitat, introuduces him to the Catalan newspaper La Veu de Catalunya.
1903–1905 Barcelona/Spain
Edits the journal Catalunya.
1904 Barcelona/Spain
Aged 20, obtains a degree in Philosophy and Letters.
1904–1914 Barcelona/Spain
Writes for and edits the journals Montserrat and La Atlántida.
1907 By this date he has already published four collections of poems, including Els fruits saborosos, his first great success.
1907–1908 Barcelona/Spain
Edits the journal Empori.
1911 Barcelona
Becomes a member of the Philological Section of the Institut d'Estudis Catalans.
1913–1914 Barcelona
Edits the journal Catalunya once again.
1915 Barcelona/Spain
Marries Carmen de Ossa, a Chilean with whom he has two children: Anna Maria and Josep.
1917 Barcelona/Spain
Prat de la Riba places him at the helm of l'Editorial Catalana, founded this year, which develops a Catalan encyclopedia.
1921–1936 Diplomatic appointments in Costa Rica, the Netherlands, France, the Lebanon and Belgium.
Mar 1921 Genoa
Becomes Spanish Vice-Consul in Genoa.
1925 Barcelona/Spain
Publishes one of his most important poetic works, El cor quiet.
1928–1933 Barcelona/Spain
Writes for La Publicitat and El Sol.
1935 Beirut
His wife dies in the Lebanon.
1939–1945 Mexico D. F.
Loyal to the Republic and therefore unable to return to Spain, Carner moves to Mexico with his new wife, Belgian teacher and literary critic Emilie Noulet. Teaches at the Casa de España/Colegio de Mexico.
1941 Mexico
Publishes Nabí.
1945–1970 Brussels
Moves to Brussels, where he works as a university lecturer and is appointed president of the Generalitat Government in exile.
1952 Carner signs a document addressed to UNESCO denouncing the suppression of the Catalan language.
1955 Along with Pau Casals and others, Carner signs a document addressed to the UN's Commission for Human Rights denouncing the francoist suppression of Catalan culture.
1957 Publishes Poesia. Member of the Executive Committee of the Société Européenne de Culture (SEC), founded in 1950 by Italian philosopher Umberto Campagnolo.
1958 Awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Aix-Marseille.
1959 Upon the death of Carles Riba, Carner replaces him as president of the Centre Català del PEN Club in exile.
1963 Barcelona/Spain
Performance of El Ben Cofat i l'Altre at the Palau de la Música Catalana, Barcelona.
1970 Spain
Returns to Spain for the first time since the civil war, just a few weeks before his death.
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Josep Carner
Bio-bibliographical information in English about the author.
Josep Carner
Biographical information in Catalan about the author.
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