Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile

Antonio Espina [1894–1972]

Date of Birth: 29 Oct 1894 Madrid
Died: 15 Feb 1972 Madrid (age 77)

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1894 Madrid. Calle Lope de Vega, 47
The house where Espina spends the first years of his life.
1899–1904 Madrid. Calle Huertas
Primary education at Colegio del Santo Ángel de la Guarda.
1905–1911 Madrid
Secondary education at Instituto San Isidro.
1912–1916 Madrid
Begins studying Medicine at University of Madrid. He does not complete his studies.
1915 Tanger
Military service in Africa.
1915 Madrid
Attends the tertulia "El Pombo", founded by Ramón Gómez de la Serna.
1920–1931 Madrid
Publishes articles in El Sol, Luz, Crisol España, Grecia, La Pluma, Alfar, Litoral, Verso y Prosa, Índice, Revista de Occidente and La Gaceta Literaria.
1922–1923 Madrid
Works as editor for Heraldo de Madrid.
1924 Madrid
Starts a relationship with Mercedes Abreu, with whom he will have three children before getting married in 1946.
Jan 1930 Madrid
Co-founder and co-director of "Nueva España" with Esteban Salazar Chapela and José Díaz Fernández.
1931 Madrid
Joins the political party Izquierda Republicana.
1931–1936 Madrid
Writes for left-wing journals, such as Nueva España, Línea, Post-guerra, Nueva Cultura and Política.
May 1931 León
Civil Governor of León.
Mar–May 1936 Avila
Civil Governor of Ávila.
Jun–Jul 1936 Palma de Mallorca
Civil Governor of the Balearic islands.
19 Jul 1936–Sep 1940 Palma de Mallorca
Is arrested and put in prison, where he is held for three years, after being sentenced to death.
1937 Palma de Mallorca
Tries to kill himself in prison. Afterwards he is diagnosed mentally insane and enters a Psychiatric Hospital.
Apr 1946 San Sebastian
Crosses the border illegally and makes his way to Paris.
May 1946 Veracruz/Mexico
From Paris begins to write articles for the Mexican press: Excelsior, Novedades and El Heraldo. He also broadcasts in Spanish for BBC radio in the series "Cartas desde París".
Dec 1948 Mexico D. F.
Arrives in Mexico. Writes for the journals Realidad, Las Españas, Cabalgata, Iberia, Asomante and Tiempo and contributes to the Ateneo Español de México
1956 Madrid
Returns to Spain, where he finds a job for the publishing company Aguilar.
1958–1963 Madrid
Writes articles for ABC. This ends when Espina publishes an article in El Tiempo, in Bogotá, where he critiques the concept of "Hispanidad".
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