Centre for the Study of Hispanic Exile

Juan Ramón Jiménez [1881–1958]

Date of Birth: 23 Dec 1881 Moguer/Huelva
Died: 29 May 1958 Río Piedras/Puerto Rico (age 76)

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Internationally renowned Spanish poet, awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1956.

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1881–1887 Moguer, calle Ribera, 2
Lives in Moguer with his family.
1887–1893 Moguer, calle Juan Ramon Jimenez
Moves to a new family home, now the site of the Juan Ramón Jiménez Foundation.
1893–1896 El Puerto de Santa María, Plaza del Ave Maria
Attends the Jesuit School of San Luis Gonzaga.
1896–1898 Seville. Plaza Ponce de León
Attends university in Seville, where he studies Law. After two years, he abandons his studies and returns to Moguer.
1898–1900 Moguer, calle Juan Ramon Jimenez
Starts writing poetry. Publishes his poems in El Gato Negro (Barcelona), Diario de Córdoba and other Andalusian newspapers.
1900 Madrid
Thanks to his friend the poet Fernando Villaespesa, he meets some of the most influential writers of the time, such as Azorín, Darío, Baroja, Salvador Rueda, Valle-Inclán and Benavente, during a stay in Madrid.
Mar–Sep 1901 Toulouse/France
Admitted to a sanatorium in Burdeos, where he recovers from a nervous crisis brought on by his father's death. He is treated by a doctor Lalanne.
Sep 1901–Jan 1904 Madrid, Sanatorio El rosario
Admitted to the El Rosario sanatorium in Madrid, where he is treated by the psychiatrist Doctor Simarro. He is often visited by, among others, Valle-Inclán, Villaespesa, Manuel Machado and Antonio Machado, Salvador Rueda, Ramón Pérez de Ayala, Rafael Cansinos Assens and Gregorio Martínez Sierra.
Apr 1903–Feb 1904 San Lorenzo de El Escorial
Co-founds and directs the journal Helios, which publishes the work of many of the most important writers of the time.
Feb 1904–Jan 1905 San Lorenzo de El Escorial
Lives at Dr. Simarro's home.
1905–1911 Moguer, calle sor Angela de la Cruz
Returns to Moguer. The family is forced to move to a small flat in the Calle Aceña. Writes for the journals Renacimiento, Blanco y Negro, Alma Española and La República de las Letras.
Dec 1912–Feb 1913 Madrid, calle Villanueva, 5
Returns to Madrid, where he meets Juan Guerrero Ruiz.
Feb 1913–Jan 1916 Madrid, calle del Pinar
He settles in the Residencia de Estudiantes in Madrid, invited there in recognition of his poetic achievements. He directs its publishing operations.
2 Mar 1916 New York, 142 E 29th
Marries Zenobia Camprubí in New York City.
1917–1921 Madrid, calle Conde de Aranda, 16
Lives in Madrid.
1921–1927 Madrid, calle Lista 8
Moves to the Calle Lista.
1927–1929 Madrid, calle Velázquez, 96
Moves to the Calle Velásquez.
1929–1936 Madrid, Calle Padilla, 38
Moves to the Calle Padilla.
20 Aug 1936 Saint-Cyprien/France
The poet and his wife leave Spain thanks to a pass offered them by Manuel Azaña.
Jan 1937 La Habana
Arrives in Havana, Cuba, where Jiménez will stay for two years.
1939–1942 Miami
Lives in Miami, where he is hospitalised with depression.
Feb 1942–Nov 1950 Washington
Moves to Washington.
1944–1950 Baltimore
Jiménez and Camprubí take up teaching posts at the University of Maryland.
Aug–Nov 1948 Buenos Aires
Trip to Uruguay and Argentina, where they give several speeches.
Nov 1950–May 1958 Río Piedras/Puerto Rico
Lives in Puerto Rico, where Jiménez and Camprubí teach at the University of Puerto Rico.
25 Oct 1956 Awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
27 Oct 1956 Río Piedras/Puerto Rico
Zenobia Camprubí dies. Jiménez, distraught, allows Don Jaime Benítez, Vice-Chancellor of the Recinto de Río Piedras at the Universidad de Puerto Rico, to accept the Nobel Prize on his behalf.
1958 Puerto Rico
Dies in Puerto Rico. His remains are taken to Spain for burial.
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